The Islamic calendar is likewise named as Muslim calendar, Hicri calendar, and Qamari (Kameri) calendar in special parts of the Islamic world. it’s utilized by Muslims to decide the proper day on which to have fun Islamic holidays and critical religious days. when you consider that a lunar year is eleven days shorter than the sun 12 months, Islamic vacations shift 11 days in advance every sun year.
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as an example, in 2008 Ramadan vacation (Eid-ul-Fitr) began on September thirtieth, in 2009 on September 20th, in 2010 on September 9th, in 2011 on August 30th, and so forth. In Turkey we use Julian calendar which changed into carried out in 1925 all through the reforms of Ataturk.
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The Muslim calendar start on July sixteen, 622, the date of Muhammad’s Hegira from Mecca to Medina. The letters A.H stand for Anno Hegirae and is the equivalent of A.D. within the Gregorian calendar. Use of the Muslim calendar commenced seventeen years after the Hegira. Muslims count the years beginning in A.D. 622, the yr Mohammad escaped to Medina. The year 2000 turned into 1420 on the Muslim calendar.
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Muslims still follow the lunar calendar.The crescent moon is seen on the flags of many Muslim flags and it used as a symbol for the Muslim model of the crimson go: the red crescent. As early as the 13th century it changed into the religious and navy image of the Ottoman Turks.” In maximum Muslim nations the Muslim calendar is used aspect via side with the Gregorian calendar, which is utilized in most of the sector. In a few places, the Islamic calendar remains used for everyday use.
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websites and resources: Islam Islam.com islam.com ; Islamic Cityislamicity.com ; Islam one hundred and one islam101.net ; Wikipedia article Wikipedia ; spiritual Tolerance religioustolerance.org/islam ; BBC articlebbc.co.united kingdom/religion/religions/islam ; Patheos Library – Islampatheos.com/Library/Islam ; university of Southern California Compendium of Muslim Texts web.archive.org ; Encyclopædia Britannica article on Islam britannica.com ; Islam at project Gutenberg gutenberg.org ; Islam from UCB Libraries GovPubsweb.archive.org ; Muslims: PBS Frontline documentary pbs.org frontline ; discover Islam dislam.org.
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Muslim yr, Week and Months The Muslim year has only 354 or 355 days, which means that that each one Muslim holidays are 10 or 11 days in advance every year. The Muslim lunar calendar consists of 12 lunar months, alternating between 29 and 30 days.
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